[ Browse by Service Category : Sub-Topics of Criminal Justice and Legal Services ]

Courts

Federal and provincial judicial bodies whose function is to resolve disputes and dispense justice according to the principles of law and equity. Court processes involve interpreting the laws; presiding over encounters between the prosecution and defence in criminal matters and plaintiffs and defendants in civil matters; examining evidence and the credibility of witnesses; instructing juries; and determining liability and damages in civil matters and guilt or acquittal and sentencing in criminal matters. Courts also have the power to grant restraining orders, injunctions or other restrictions in appropriate circumstances.

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Criminal Correctional System

Programs that provide for the detention, confinement, rehabilitation and care of offenders who are inmates in correctional facilities or participants in alternative programs; and/or which are responsible for the supervision and support of ex-offenders upon release from a correctional facility.

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Judicial Services

Programs within the court system or which operate in cooperation with the courts that carry out the administrative functions required for handling the disposition of people who have been accused of a crime prior to trial; and the indictment, arraignment, trial and sentencing of people who have been arrested and charged with a crime.

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Law Enforcement Agencies

City, county, provincial or federal government agencies or university departments that are responsible for preserving peace, protecting life and property, preventing and detecting crime and apprehending and arresting suspects. Also included are special constabularies that have full peace officer powers but only within limited jurisdictions, e.g., public parks, public transit facilities, public housing projects.

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Law Enforcement Services

Programs offered by law enforcement agencies and other organizations that provide specific measures for discouraging preventable crime, obtaining information from the public about suspected criminal activity, investigating alleged crimes, analyzing physical evidence, providing support for victims and witnesses of crimes and reducing targeted types of crime.

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Legal Assistance Modalities

Programs that protect the rights of individuals or groups who are involved in civil, criminal or administrative actions or who have been denied services or other benefits or privileges to which they are entitled by law by furnishing legal advice, advising the party of his or her rights and possible solutions, negotiating a settlement, preparing legal documents, appearing in court on behalf of the party, preparing the party to represent him or herself in court and/or attending trials to monitor court proceedings.

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Legal Education/Information

Programs whose primary purpose is to inform the public of the rights and responsibilities of individuals under the law, the need for crime prevention, protection and swift and effective administration of justice, the availability of resources to meet these needs and the issues and problems that relate to the provision of services in the criminal justice and legal area.

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Legal Services

Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counselling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counselling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law.

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Legal Services Organizations

Law firms and other legal services providers that draft legal documents for clients, offer legal advice, represent clients in legal negotiations and court proceedings, and provide other forms of assistance that help people resolve their legal problems.

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The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


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